August 22nd, 2011 by Hasham
Definition Of Human Rights Violations
While some dictionaries define the word right as “a privilege,” when used in the context of “human rights,” we are talking about something more basic.*
Every person is entitled to certain fundamental rights, simply by the fact of being human. These are called “human rights” rather than a privilege (which can be taken away at someone’s whim)They are “rights” because they are things you are allowed to be, to do or to have. These rights are there for your protection against people who might want to harm or hurt you. They are also there to help us get along with each other and live in peace.Many people know something about their rights. Generally they know they have the right to food and a safe place to stay. They know they have a right to be paid for the work they do. But there are many other rights.The number of deaths related to combat and the collateral damage caused by warfare are only a small part of the tremendous amount of suffering and devastation caused by conflicts. Over the course of protracted conflict, assaults on political rights and the fundamental right to life are typically widespread. Some of the gravest violations of the right to life are massacres, the starvation of entire populations, and genocide. Genocide is commonly understood as the intentional extermination of a single ethnic, racial, or religious group. Killing group members, causing them serious bodily or mental harm, imposing measures to prevent birth, or forcibly transferring children are all ways to bring about the destruction of a group. Genocide is often regarded as the most offensive crime against humanity.
When human rights are not well known by people, abuses such as discrimination, intolerance, injustice, oppression and slavery can arise.Born out of the atrocities and enormous loss of life during World War II, the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948 to provide a common understanding of what everyone’s rights are. It forms the basis for a world built on freedom, justice and peace.Definition of international standards is not really questioned the difference of natural disasters from the social disaster or technological disaster, during an impact event as defined, then it is called a disaster.Judging from its effects, especially in Indonesia in the period of the last decade, many disasters that cause displacement effects. For it is deemed necessary to provide a definition of internally displaced as follows:
The people or groups who have been forced or forced to flee or leave their homes or usual place of their former lives, mainly as a result of, or in order to avoid, the effects of armed conflict, insecurity is characterized by rampant general violence, rights violations, human rights, natural disasters, or disasters due to human activity, and that does not cross state borders internationally recognized.
Definition of these internal refugees:
The definition of these internal refugees, of course, must be distinguished from the international refugee definition which is defined as follows:
Any person residing outside their country of origin and who are unwilling or unable to go back [there] or to place themselves under the protection of [the country] because of the fear that exists as a result of the reasons of race, religious belief, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion, or a threat to life or safety as a result of armed disputes and other forms of widespread violence which seriously other disturb public order.There are many domestic laws that claim to protect the rights of workers. However, one main problem with regard to layoffs or dismissals is the broad interpretation of the definition: ‘urgent need for management’. Therefore, layoffs or massive dismissals are the easiest way for business enterprises to reduce their overheads. The Local Labour Relation Commission which has a primary authority to judge whether or not a dismissal is legal or otherwise make decisions in favour of business enterprises with the limited information provided by them. In addition, even though there is a serious procedural flaw of an agreement between the company and negotiating body which is a trade union, it is not taken seriously. Having an agreement in whatever way is acceptable, which often results in violence. Furthermore, the fragile social safety net is also a serious area of concern.
The obligation to protect requires the government to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. While the protest was going on, the company asked the Busan District Court to issue a letter of forcible eviction against those protesters on the premises of the shipyard which was approved on June 13, 2011. Although the negotiation between the company and its union was supposed to start from June 24, the court execution plan for forcible eviction was announced and it resulted in the failure of negotiation. In the process of forcible eviction, many protesters were assaulted by the law enforcement agencies and those who acted on behalf of them. No action has been taken against them. Meanwhile, a group of police officers conducted a practice operation for when it is necessary to take Ms. Kim down from the crane.Many civil organisations including rights groups asked the government not to deploy the police force but instead to provide space for faithful negotiations between the concerned parties. Sadly the government did not take any action. Meanwhile, an agreement between the company and the union was made on June 27 which is controversial in terms of the representative of the union who signed the agreement. Based on this controversial agreement, the police are now taking steps to crack down on protesting members of the union and legal action against those who support the struggle of Ms. Kim and her colleagues.The term “war crime” refers to a violation of the rules of jus in bello (justice in war) by any individual, whether military or civilian. The laws of armed conflict prohibit attacks on civilians and the use of weapons that cause unnecessary suffering or long-term environmental damage. Other war crimes include taking hostages, firing on localities that are undefended and without military significance, such as hospitals or schools, inhuman treatment of prisoners, including biological experiments, and the pillage or purposeless destruction of property. Although clearly outlawed by international law, such war crimes are common. According to Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations, it is increasingly true that “the main aim…[of conflicts]… is the destruction not of armies but of civilians and entire ethnic groups.
There is now near-universal consensus that all individuals are entitled to certain basic rights under any circumstances. These include certain civil liberties and political rights, the most fundamental of which is the right to life and physical safety. Human rights are the articulation of the need for justice, tolerance, mutual respect, and human dignity in all of our activity. Speaking of rights allows us to express the idea that all individuals are part of the scope of morality and justice.To protect human rights is to ensure that people receive some degree of decent, humane treatment. To violate the most basic human rights, on the other hand, is to deny individuals their fundamental moral entitlements. It is, in a sense, to treat them as if they are less than human and undeserving of respect and dignity. Examples are acts typically deemed “crimes against humanity,” including genocide, torture, slavery, rape, enforced sterilization or medical experimentation, and deliberate starvation. Because these policies are sometimes implemented by governments, limiting the unrestrained power of the state is an important part of international law. Underlying laws that prohibit the various “crimes against humanity” is the principle of nondiscrimination and the notion that certain basic rights apply universally.
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